# Docker

Docker is the most important musketeer of the three. Many tasks such as testing, building, running, and deploying can all be done inside a lightweight Docker container — which can be run on different operating system. The portability of Docker ensures you can execute the same tasks, the same way, on different environment like MacOS, Linux, Windows, and CI/CD tools.

# Useful Docker images


Docker images are like any other software. You should do your own research before using them and this list does not make an exception.

  • flemay/musketeers has useful tools for a 3 Musketeers project including Docker, Compose, Make, and more. The flemay/cookiecutter image in the examples uses this image to build and test the Docker image in GitLab Pipeline. See pattern Docker-in-Docker (DinD)

  • jwilder/dockerize: There is often a need to wait for a service to start before interacting with it. For instance, waiting for a database container to be ready before running a migration. The image jwilder/dockerize can be used to help with this scenario.

      docker-compose up -d db
      docker-compose run --rm dockerize -wait tcp://db:3306 -timeout 60s
  • dockerlint validates your Dockerfiles

  • shellcheck lints your shell scripts

# Accessing host's localhost from a container

On Windows/Mac, accessing the host localhost is to use the url like host.docker.internal. This is handy because if you have an application running on localhost:3000 locally (through container or not), then you can access it $ curl host.docker.internal:3000.

# Image without Make

One of the patterns is to call Make from Compose. If you want to follow this pattern and your image does not have make, here are some solutions to address that.

# Use a different image

Often image publishers offer different versions of the application/product. For instance golang has an image based on alpine which does not have make. It also has an image based on stretch which does.

$ docker run --rm golang:alpine make
# "exec: \"make\": executable file not found
$ docker run --rm golang:stretch make
# make: *** No targets specified and no makefile found

# Use Musketeers Docker image

If you only want to call make with common shell commands, or want to use git and zip, then the lightweight Musketeers Docker image is for you.

# Install Make on the fly

Whenever a command runs another command it installs make and then execute $ make _target. Depending on how many times a command is run, this may be inefficient as it needs to download make every time.

$ docker run --rm golang:alpine apk add --update make && make _target

# Build your own image

You may want to build and maintain your own image based on the the image you wanted to use.

FROM node:alpine
RUN apk add --update make

# Docker development is slow

Mounting volumes with Docker on Mac or Windows can be slow. For instance, developing a rails application. A handy tool which can help solve this problem is docker-sync

On Mac, using the native_osx strategy can also help. The Docker Compose file would look like the following:

    image: animage
      - app-sync:/opt/app:nocopy

  # this volume is created by docker-sync. See docker-sync.yml for the config
    external: true

This would work well on Windows/Mac but what about Linux? Either docker-sync is still used, which uses the native strategy and would not sync, or you use an environment variable which sets the volume: app-sync:/opt/app:nocopy or .:/opt/app.